Egyptian archaeologists tout rare discoveries discovered in Luxor

Egyptian archaeologists are studying mummified remains found in a newly discovered burial site in the Dra Abu el-Naga necropolis in Luxor, which they say was the first found in the area dating back to the 13th dynasty of ancient Egypt, between 1803 BC and 1649 BC.  / Source: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

Egyptian archaeologists are studying mummified remains found in a newly discovered burial site in the Dra Abu el-Naga necropolis in Luxor, which they say was the first found in the area dating back to the 13th dynasty of ancient Egypt, between 1803 BC and 1649 BC. / Source: Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

Cairo — Egyptian archaeologists announced on Wednesday the discovery of the first burial site in the city of Luxor, dating back to the ancient Egyptian 13th dynasty. This means that the sarcophagi, remains and artifacts found on site, in the necropolis of Dra ‘Abu el-Naga’ in Luxor, date back almost 4,000 years, somewhere between 1803 BC and 1649 BC.

“We’ve already discovered more than a thousand burial sites in Luxor, but this is the first time we’ve found one from the 13th dynasty,” Dr Fathy Yaseen, director general of Upper Egypt’s Antiquities, told CBS News. it is over 50 meters wide and 70 meters long.

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Among the finds at the burial site was a complete sarcophagus made of pink granite, weighing about 11 tons, engraved with the name of a minister named Ankho, who lived during the reign of King Sobekhotep II in the 13th dynasty.

There were also several “Ushabti”, small statues made of wood and painted white to imitate limestone, that caught the attention of experts.

“I’ve been working in this field for over 25 years and this is the first time I’ve seen Ushabtis with scriptures written in hieratic instead of hieroglyphs,” Yaseen told CBS News. Hieratic was the common written form of ancient Egypt between the third millennium BC and the middle of the first millennium BC.

The “whole city” has been discovered.

Archaeologists also announced this week that they had discovered a “complete city” from Roman times in eastern Luxor.

The Egyptian Archaeological Mission said Tuesday that the city is located near the Luxor Temple.

It was described in a statement by the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities as the “oldest and most important” residential town on the east bank of Luxor. It is believed to be an extension of the city of Thebes.

“It’s important because it shows us more about the lives of ordinary Egyptians at that time,” Yaseen told CBS News, adding that researchers “so far have only discovered the northern part of the city.”

The discovery includes residential buildings, workshops, and two pigeon towers that served as shelters for pigeons or pigeons, dating from the second and third centuries.

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